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Gum Disease (Gingivitis and Periodontitis)

Periodontitis is a chronic form of gum disease which causes inflammation and damage to the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. It begins with bacterial growth in the mouth and progressively leads to the destruction of tissues surrounding the teeth. It often progresses from gingivitis (gum inflammation) and detected via bleeding gums, swollen or shrinking gums and also drifting or mobile teeth. The friendly team at Pearson Dental can help treat this gum disease and gingivitis.

Periodontitis can be caused by a number of different things. The primary offender is plaque which is a biofilm containing bacteria. Bacteria builds up on the tooth’s surface near the gumline causing the gums to be irritated. Over time this plaque containing bacteria will accumulate and calcify to form tartar (calculus). As the gum and supporting tissues tries to get away from the bacteria in plaque and tartar, it starts to recede and the gums can form deep crevices (periodontal pocket) around the teeth. These deep areas around the teeth are difficult to clean even with ample flossing and brushing, meaning that even more bacteria can build up in these areas.

Certain health factors such as smoking or diabetes, as well as advancing age can increase the risk of developing Periodontitis.

One of the best ways to deal with periodontitis is to actually prevent it entirely. This can be achieved through excellent oral hygiene but also by educating yourself on how periodontitis develops over time. Good habits such as twice daily tooth brushing, daily flossing/interdental cleaning and the avoidance of smoking are important when it comes to your oral health and reducing the risk of periodontitis.

If periodontitis isn’t treated, it can negatively affect the tissues that support the teeth. This can lead to gum recession, teeth becoming loose or unwanted tooth movement and premature tooth loss. It’s also a chronic condition that can get progressively worse over time, especially when untreated.

If you’re in need of help with identifying, preventing or treating periodontitis, then don’t hesitate to contact us today. We’d be happy to work together with you in order to ensure you are achieving optimal oral health and oral hygiene habits and in doing so, reduce the risk of Periodontitis.

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